European Multinational Efforts


Space Workforce Trends in the United States, Europe, Japan, and India, 2011-2021

Space Workforce Trends in the United States, Europe, Japan, and India, 2011-2021Space Workforce Trends in the United States, Europe, Japan, and India, 2011-2021

The U.S. space sector is composed of more than 198,500 individuals across private sector and government organizations. Private sector space employment continued a trend of growth that began in 2016, adding approximately 3,000 new workers from 2020 to 2021 to reach 151,797 individuals. Space manufacturing led this growth, offsetting a slight decrease in the size of the satellite telecommunications workforce.

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European Space Industry Employment, 2011-2021

European Space Industry Employment, 2011-2021European Space Industry Employment, 2011-2021

European space employment was 53,051 in 2021, an increase of 5.4% from the total of 50,317 from 2020. This estimate is based on analysis by Eurospace, the trade association of the European Space Industry. The analysis focuses on the space manufacturing industry; space services companies such as Ariane- space, SES, Eutelsat, and Inmarsat which also employ thousands of individuals, are not included.

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Europe Continues to Lead in Global Workforce Job Growth

Workers at Europe’s spaceport in French Guiana hoist the upper composite flight models for the Ariane 6 program. France remains the largest European space employer.Workers at Europe’s spaceport in French Guiana hoist the upper composite flight models for the Ariane 6 program. France remains the largest European space employer.

The space industry relies on skilled individuals from a wide variety of fields to enable the cutting-edge developments taking place in this sector. While many countries do not regularly produce metrics on the size of their workforce, these data are available for several major space actors, including the United States, Europe, Japan, and India.

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Orbital Launch Attempts, 2021

Commercial space activity refers to efforts undertaken by private industry with little or no government investment. Commercial space revenue in 2021 totaled $362 billion.Commercial space activity refers to efforts undertaken by private industry with little or no government investment. Commercial space revenue in 2021 totaled $362 billion.

Of the 55 commercial launches attempted in 2021, 31 occurred in the United States. Of these, 23 were carried out by SpaceX, all of which were successful. China and Russia each conducted nine commercial launches in 2021. All six Russian launches were conducted on the Soyuz launch vehicle, and all were successful.

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Global Space Workforce Growth, 2011-2021 Snapshot

Hiring in more than a dozen nations continued to escalate in 2020 despite the pandemic. A snapshot of key workforce data follows. Analysis of trends in the global space workforce provides insight into the current and future health of the space sector.

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