Interactive Tables and Charts

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Astronauts by top nations

Astronaut by top nationsAstronaut by top nations

The majority of astronauts (95%) have also reached the Kármán line at 100 km — the internationally recognized boundary of space.

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Space insurance industry estimates, 2003-2022

Space insurance industry estimates, 2003-2022Space insurance industry estimates, 2003-2022

As satellites get smaller and cheaper and companies pivot to building LEO constellations rather than purchasing single large satellites for GEO orbit, many operators are foregoing insurance after launch altogether.

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Astronauts by private sector

Astronauts by private sectorAstronauts by private sector

As of mid-March, 685 astronauts have reached at least 80 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. This total includes 86 private astronauts, 22 times as many as there were two decades ago.

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