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2012

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Browse Resources By Year

2012- Workforce

Topic: Workforce
Trends in the global space workforce continue to be mixed, with the U.S. space workforce contracting for the sixth year in a row while space workforces in Japan and Europe saw further increases. The global space workforce includes hundreds of thousands of highly skilled individuals, often with...

Verifying War Crimes Using Earth Observation Imagery

Country: Syria
While having a robust and open media network is an important step for developing nations, satellites can also be used to monitor regions in political turmoil where free media is suppressed. During clashes between Syrian government forces and rebels, Amnesty International...

Astronomers Reach Out to Developing World

Country: South Africa
The importance of space as a driver for education also extends to other parts of the world. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has begun implementing a strategic plan titled “Astronomy for the Developing World.” The resulting Office of Astronomy for Development (OAD) is...

Greater Grape Yields in South Africa, Using Less Water

Country: South Africa
Vineyards in South Africa recently began using satellite data to increase the yield of grape harvests and produce higher quality wine while using less water. The GrapeLook service provided by a company called WaterWatch was developed in collaboration with ESA, the University of...

South African Space-based Internet

Country: South Africa
Satellite internet is a suitable alternative to conventional cellular and ground-based internet for businesses and farmers operating in remote or difficult-to-reach areas. In 2012, MWEB Business launched a new satellite internet service in South Africa that is designed to benefit farmers,...

2012 - South African Government Space Budget

Country: South Africa
In FY 2012, which ran from April 1, 2012, to March 31, 2013, the government of South Africa planned to spend an estimated 418.5 million rand (US$51.18 million) on space activities. The South African National Space Agency (SANSA) planned an FY 2012 budget of 144.0 million rand (US$17.6 million)....

Satellite Infrastructure Supports Middle East Media

Country: Afghanistan, Iraq
Satellite communications play a very important role in developing nations, which often lack extensive ground-based infrastructure. In order to improve its broadcasting capabilities, Iraq is in the process of deploying new satellite television terminals to operate within the Arab...

2012 - U.S. Launch, Human

Country: United States
The United States, after the Soviet Union, was the second nation to send a human into space, but it will not have its own human spaceflight capability for the next several years, following the retirement of the Space Shuttle in 2012. The United States has several programs in development intended to...

2012 - U.S. Launch, Payload

Country: United States
The United States made 13 orbital launch attempts in 2012, all of which were successful. This total placed it third, behind Russia and China for the number of orbital launches performed in 2012. Among the 2012 U.S. launches were several noteworthy missions. The year saw the successful...

2012 - U.S. Suborbital

Country: United States
A new aspect of space infrastructure is the development of suborbital reusable launch vehicles (RLVs). Unlike sounding rockets, these vehicles are designed to land intact and be flown again. Stimulated by the $10 million Ansari X PRIZE, won in 2004 by Scaled Composites’ SpaceShipOne vehicle,...