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Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Satellites


2016 – Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Systems – Snapshot

As the world’s population continued integrating space positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) technologies and services, the number of PNT satellites continued to multiply in 2016, growing slightly more than ##% from 2015. Relative newcomers to PNT space operations, such as Europe, India, and China, grew their PNT constellations, each building an independent…

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2016 – PNT Ground Networks – Snapshot

In 2016, the U.S. Air Force (USAF) continued to operate and maintain a large, combined-services ground network for its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) fleet, the Global Positioning System (GPS). Consisting of 15 monitoring stations and 11 command and control antennas, the network was commanded through the USAF’s

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2016 – GPS – Snapshot

While the U.S. Air Force (USAF) maintained ## operational satellites in its Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) fleet, the U.S. share of overall global operational PNT satellites ## from ##% in 2015 to ##% in 2016. This was due to other nations, such as…

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2016 – GLONASS- Snapshot

Although Russia increased the overall number of its Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) satellites, the number of operational GLONASS satellites decreased by ## during 2016. The country’s share of the world’s operational PNT satellites shrank to ##% in 2016, falling behind…

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2016 – QZSS – Snapshot

In 2010, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) launched a single positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) satellite as a start for its Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS). Japan has not launched other satellites into the QZSS constellation since. Japan’s 2016 share of the world’s operational PNT satellites was ##%. The country plans to…

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2016 – NavIC – Snapshot

During 2016, India completed the first phase of a two-phase plan for its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) satellite system, the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). Upon the launch of the final IRNSS satellite, the Indian government renamed IRNSS the Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC). The country launched…

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2016 – Galileo – Snapshot

Europe continued launching Galileo satellites during 2016, enlarging its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) constellation. Thanks to the launch of ## more Galileo satellites, the Europeans managed to grow their share of the total global operational PNT satellites by about ## percentage points for 2016 to ##%. Europe’s…

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2016 – BeiDou – Snapshot

China’s expansion of its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) constellation, BeiDou, continued during 2016. The country’s share of the world’s orbiting operational PNT satellites increased to ##%, ## more than its share in 2015. China’s share of PNT satellites exceeded…

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