Infrastructure

Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Satellites


2016 – PNT Ground Networks

In 2016, the U.S. Air Force (USAF) continued to operate and maintain a large, combined-services ground network for its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) fleet, the Global Positioning System (GPS).…

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2016 – GPS

While the U.S. Air Force (USAF) maintained ## operational satellites in its Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) fleet, the U.S. share of overall global operational PNT…

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2016 – GLONASS

Although Russia increased the overall number of its Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) satellites, the number of operational GLONASS satellites decreased by one during 2016.[efn_note]Ivan…

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2016 – QZSS

In 2010, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) launched a single positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) satellite as a start for its Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS). Japan has not launched…

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2016 – NavIC

During 2016, India completed the first phase of a two-phase plan for its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) satellite system, the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). Upon the launch…

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2016 – Galileo

Europe continued launching Galileo satellites during 2016, enlarging its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) constellation. Thanks to the launch of six more Galileo satellites, the Europeans managed to grow their…

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2016 – BeiDou

China’s expansion of its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) constellation, BeiDou, continued during 2016. The country’s share of the world’s orbiting operational PNT satellites increased to 23%, one percentage point…

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