Interactive Tables and Charts
While the U.S. typically leads commercial satellite launches, China almost doubled its private missions in 2022—commercial payloads were 27% of the nation’s launches compared to 16% in 2021. Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. launched five batches of high-resolution imagery satellites for its Jilin-1 constellation and has deployed approximately half of its planned 138 satellites.
For the second consecutive year, space launches set all-time records as operators sent a historic number of 179 successful missions into orbit in 2022. With 41 more attempts than 2021, the year also set a new record for the sheer volume increase of launches year over year.
But startups increasingly have brought a new wave of innovation to the market. Of the five recent U.S. companies launching new vehicles, SpaceX has moved from innovator to market leader. Rocket Lab, which attempted launch for the first time in 2017, made headway toward reusability by twice attempting to recover the rocket’s first stage using a helicopter in 2022. Firefly completed its first successful flight last year, and Virgin Orbit and Astra succeeded in 2021.
Interested in this year’s global space launch vehicle activity? Keep track of orbital launch trends with our 2023 launch log. Launch data is updated every day during weekdays, excluding U.S. holidays.
In the sixty years since Yuri Gagarin became the first human to reach space in 1961, over six hundred humans have joined him in traveling beyond Earth. Space agencies and companies are seeking to improve diversity in space
After decades of relatively little activity, missions to the Moon are becoming more frequent. Well-established space agencies like NASA and Roscosmos are ramping up their lunar programs.
In 2021, despite high-profile insurance claims on numerous satellites. . . Net premiums totaled $537 million, and incurred losses were $362 million.
Commercial spacecraft manufacturing revenue was estimated to be $4.3 billion in 2021, an increase of 6% over the estimated $4 billion in revenue in 2020. The growth from 2020 to 2021 reflects the increase in the number of payloads launched, while also recognizing efficiencies and cost-savings achieved by companies utilizing small satellite technology and mass manufacturing techniques.
Of the 55 commercial launches attempted in 2021, 31 occurred in the United States. Of these, 23 were carried out by SpaceX, all of which were successful. China and Russia each conducted nine commercial launches in 2021. All six Russian launches were conducted on the Soyuz launch vehicle, and all were successful.
There were 145 launch attempts in 2021, 135 of which were fully or partially successful. This is an increase of 27% from 2020, when 114 launch attempts took place. Commercial launches —those carried out for a non-government customer — accounted for 55 attempts, 49 of which were successful.