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Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Satellites

European PNT Satellites (Galileo)


Infrastructure: Spacecraft Overview – TSRQ1 2019

Infrastructure: Spacecraft Overview - TSRQ1 2019 examines global spacecraft/satellite operations conducted throughout the three space sectors, military, civil government, and commercial. This edition covers communication, PNT, and Earth observation/remote sensing…

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2018 – Galileo

In contrast to the PNT systems operated by other nations (except Japan), two European civil government organizations (the EU) and the ESA) share acquisition, management and operation of the Galileo…

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2017 – Galileo

Europe’s expansion of its Galileo PNT constellation slowed a little during 2017, when nine clocks aboard some of the satellites failed.[efn_note]Peter Gutierrez. “ESA Puts Brave Face on Galileo Clock Failures.”…

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Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure – TSR 2018

Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure - TSR 2018 examines global human spaceflight operations to include both the Chinese and US space stations, launch vehicles from all spacefaring nations, communications satellite constellations, PNT…

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2016 – Galileo

Europe continued launching Galileo satellites during 2016, enlarging its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) constellation. Thanks to the launch of six more Galileo satellites, the Europeans managed to grow their…

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Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure – TSR 2017

Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure - TSR 2017 examines global human spaceflight operations, launch vehicles from all spacefaring nations, communications satellite constellations, PNT satellites, Earth observation and remote sensing satellites, defense satellites,…

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2015 – Galileo

The European Union’s space-based PNT efforts began in 2005, making 2015 the tenth anniversary for its PNT efforts. Galileo, the European PNT satellite system, is scheduled to be complete by…

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2005 – Galileo

Europe launched the first test satellite in the Galileo system in December 2005.  Europe launched the first test satellite in the Galileo system in December 2005. 

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2007 – Galileo

Galileo, Europe’s proposed ##-satellite navigation constellation, reached a key funding agreement in 2007 when the European Council agreed to fund the project entirely though the European Union community budget. The hoped-for…

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2014 – Galileo

The European Union’s Galileo constellation was scheduled to be operational in 2014, with ## satellites in use by the end of the year. Those plans had to be delayed when…

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