European Cooperative Organization and Government Space Budgets
European Military Space Budgets
Most nations do not make details about their budgets, programs, and missions related to national security and intelligence activities publicly available. In addition, as some programs have civilian and military applications, isolating the military portion of dual-use programs is not always possible. As a case in point, the European Defence Agency continues to consolidate its relationship with ESA through coordinating definitions, research, technology, and feasibility studies, with particular focus on the development of a three-satellite Multinational Space-based Imaging System (MUSIS) program.
In Europe, industrial revenues from the sale and production of military-space related products and services have been steadily increasing over recent years. Based on trends in past revenue from European industry’s sales to governments, it can be estimated that European industrial revenue in 2009 from sales related to government military space programs will reach €## billion (US$## billion). In France, the government has announced plans to increase the annual military space budget to €## million (US$## million) by 2014, a ##% increase from the 2008 level of €## million (US$## million).
Military space spending among European countries in 2006 totaled $## billion (€## million), according to the European Space Policy Institute, a research institute founded and supported by European aerospace industry partners. For 2004, Euroconsult estimates non-U.S. space spending at $## billion. Countries included in this estimate are the United Kingdom, France, Russia, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Israel. Data on international military space spending is generally held closely and difficult to find in public sources. Until better data becomes available, we will continue to use this 2004 figure as an estimate in our aggregated number.