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Browse Resources By Year

2016 - PNT Ground Networks

Country: United States
In 2016, the U.S. Air Force (USAF) continued to operate and maintain a large, combined-services ground network for its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) fleet, the Global Positioning System (GPS). Consisting of 15 monitoring stations and 11 command and control antennas, the network was...

2016 - China Space Stations

Topic: China
Country: China
China launched a new space station laboratory in the middle of September 2016, making China the only nation to have two space stations in orbit, although one appears to no longer be functional. The nation’s first space station, Tiangong-1, was launched into orbit in late 2011. The last time China...

2016 - Satellite Manufacturing

Aboard the 85 rockets that attempted a launch in 2016, there were 232 spacecraft, down 11% from 262 in 2015. Of the spacecraft intended for orbit in 2016, 82 were nanosatellites weighing less than 10 kilograms (22 pounds), a type of satellite whose numbers have increased in recent years. The rise...

Annual Economy Overviews

Topic: Economy
Note: the exhibits throughout this section are undergoing changes based on the newest information available from government organizations. This means the exhibit below may be different from the pdf or other text.The global space industry continued to grow in 2016, reaching a total of $329.3...

2016 - India Launch, Payload

Country: India
During 2016, India once again set a national record for its annual space launch vehicle (SLV) launch rate, exceeding its 2015 record by two launches. India’s seven launches enabled the country to claim 8% of global launch activity. With no launch failures during 2016, the country’s annual...

Payload and Crew Orbital Launches

An up-to-date list of the current year's payload and crew space vehicle launches conducted globally. Sortable by vehicle name, country launched from, GTO capability, LEO capability, launch reliability ranges, and first year of space launch vehicle operations.Select "Orbital Payload Launch" to...

2016 - Spaceports Overview

Topic: Spaceports
Select the "View Interactive Version" button to see an up-to-date view of current spaceports. Hover over the spaceports in the resulting interactive exhibit to gain more information about the spaceports.For 2016, the busiest orbital spaceport in the world was Cape Canaveral Air Force...

2016 - Orbital Launch Reports and Forecasts

After many years of conducting launch operations in more or less the same way, the orbital launch industry is experiencing substantial changes on some fronts. In December 2015, one U.S. company was the first to successfully conduct an orbital launch of satellites, then have the space launch...

Space Vehicle Launch Log and Associated Payloads

This launch log is updated daily during regular Space Foundation business hours. It relies on space-tracking data that U.S. Strategic Command collects through various resources, which is then posted to The data provided by is accessible to the public. Descriptive...

2016 - U.S. Missile Defense

Country: United States
The U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA), headquartered in the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, conducts acquisition and testing of systems to defend the United States against incoming missiles. This mission was formally enshrined in the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) announced in...