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2010

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Satellite Receiver Dish Array

Country: The Netherlands
Large satellite dishes on rooftops may soon be a thing of the past due to technology that enables lower-cost “virtual” dishes. This new technology enables affordable antennas that conform to the shape of an object, allowing for delivery of satellite television without the need for a bulky dish....

Miniaturized Dental X-ray Camera

Country: Sweden
Dentists will soon be able to use a new dental instrument: a tiny, high-resolution X-ray camera that is thinner and smaller than current X-ray machines, minimizing patient discomfort. This tiny X-ray camera was built by a Swedish company, Nanospace, drawing on the same techniques that are used to...

Solving Territorial Claims with Geographic Information Systems

The U.N. is also using GIS to help resolve disputes over the location of international boundaries. The U.N. Cartographic Section is developing the U.N. International Boundary Information System (UNIBIS), a worldwide geographic database of international boundaries. Using a variety of sources,...

Coordinating Peacekeeping Through Space

As of the end of 2010, 13 U.N. peacekeeping missions around the world use systems that integrate location information with satellite imagery, referred to as geographic information systems (GIS), as part of daily operations. These systems capture, store, analyze, manage, and present information...

Guarantee of Authenticity: Precision Glass Tagging

Country: Belgium
A new laser technology, designed to create precise lenses and mirrors for space telescopes, is able to inscribe numbers inside glass without damaging it. The laser operates in a manner similar to lasers used in laser eye correction, by beaming energy through the surface of the glass to make changes...

2010 - U.S. Launch, Human

Country: United States
Certain spaceflight systems, including both the launch vehicle and its spacecraft payload, can be used to carry humans into space. Such flights amount to a small portion of all space missions—in 2010 only seven of the year’s 74 launches carried people. Currently, only the United States, Russia,...

2010 - U.S. Launch, Payload

Country: United States
The U.S. launch industry sustained a healthy rate of launches and saw the successful debut of two new rockets, the Falcon 9 and the Minotaur IV. The United States accounted for 15 launches in 2010, below the 2009 level of 24 launches but comparable to its 2005-2009 average of 18 launches a...

2010 - GPS

Country: United States
PNT satellites send signals from space to receivers, which can determine their positions so long as they can see at least three PNT satellites. In addition to the primary PNT satellites, there are augmentation systems that improve the quality of PNT service by transmitting additional signals that...

2010 - U.S. Suborbital

Country: United States
There has been a surge of interest in crewed suborbital launch vehicles in recent years, owing in large measure to 
the Ansari X PRIZE. This competition offered a $10 million prize to the first team to fly a reusable suborbital vehicle capable of carrying three people (or a pilot plus ballast) to...

Fly With Wi-Fi

Country: United States
Another advancement within the travel and lifestyle sector that has taken off during 2010 is satellite-enabled in-flight entertainment. In the spring of 2009, Southwest Airlines, in collaboration with the satellite broadband company Row 44, tested an aircraft Wi-Fi internet system and pricing...