There are more than ## space agencies worldwide, with nations on every inhabited continent involved in space activities. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a selection of these nations.
Other Resources for this Country
Country: Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, Ukraine
Country: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Nigeria, South Africa, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine
Around the globe, many smaller nations—whether in terms of economy or population size—are investing in space projects or programs. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a number of selected space states.
In 2014, Russia’s space agency Roscosmos received a budget of approximately ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This is a ##% increase from the 2013 budget of ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This was the last budget to be assigned to Roscosmos prior to a reorganization of Russian space...
Possible atrocities once only seen by government agencies are now in the public view.
Topic: Satellite Design
Two major players in satellite-based Earth imagery are U.S. companies DigitalGlobe and GeoEye. Both companies provide imagery to widely used applications such as Google Earth. In August 2010, the U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) awarded 10-year contracts to the companies, valued...
Topic: Other Country Spaceports
In 2003, Brazil made an agreement with the government of Ukraine to bring a modernized version of the Soviet-era Cyclone rocket to its Alcântara Launch Center. This would couple the proven reliability of the Ukrainian launch vehicle with the advantageous equatorial location of Alcântara to offer...
Topic: 2008 - Perspective
Country: China, European Multinational Efforts, India, Israel, Japan, Russia, Ukraine, United States
Commercial space programs, like their government counterparts, continue to evolve around the world. As detailed in Space Products and Services, the more established programs in satellite communications and remote sensing are being joined by entrepreneurial space activities that provide excitement...
Topic: 2008 - Perspective
Country: Brazil, Canada, China, European Multinational Efforts, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Nigeria, Russia, South Korea, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam
The trend of globalization in space activity continues, with nations entering into agreements to use each other’s infrastructure and space assets. Two decades ago only the United States, the Soviet Union, Europe, and China regularly launched and deployed satellites and other missions to space....
Topic: 2011 - Perspective
Country: Brazil, Canada, China, European Multinational Efforts, France, India, Italy, Japan, Russia, South Korea, Ukraine, United States
The outlook for space activity is largely positive, in spite of the challenges facing many of the governments and agencies most active in space. In many ways, 2011 was a pivotal year as governments re-evaluated their human spaceflight plans and examined their portfolio of space activities in light...
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2010 Federal Budget authorizes ## million Brazilian reals (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities, a small increase from the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reals (US$## million) for the...
Country: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, European Multinational Efforts, France, Germany, India, Russia, Ukraine
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2011 Federal Budget authorizes ## million reais (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities (PNAE), a decrease of ##% from the authorization for the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reais (US$##...
Country: Argentina, Australia, China, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Thailand, Ukraine
Space activities in South Africa are funded through the Department of Science and Technology (DST). In FY 2011, which ran from April 2011 to March 2012, the DST planned to spend ## million rand (US$## million) on space activities executed through two programs: the South African National Space...
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2012 Federal Budget authorized ## million reais (US$## million) in funding for civil space activities in two civil government agencies. This represents an increase of ##% from the authorization for the previous year.
In calendar year 2012, the government of Mexico allocated a budget of ## million pesos (US$# million) to the Agencia Espacial Mexicana (AEM). The agency was established by law in 2010 and commenced operations in late 2011, so 2012 was the first full year of activity. AEM is a young and growing...
Country: Argentina, Australia, China, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, South Africa, Ukraine
Around the globe, many smaller nations—whether in terms of economy or population size—are investing in space projects or programs. Exhibit 2cc shows the most recent available yearly budget for civil space activities in a number of selected emerging space states. Each of these countries tends to...
Topic: Charts and Graphs
Topic: Other Space Employment
There are more than 50 countries with space programs in all regions of the world. Although it is not possible to get detailed statistics on many of these groups from year to year, it is possible to gather estimates that give some indication of overall size. Exhibit 4w provides estimates of the size...
Russia launched ## GLONASS satellites in 2014, maintaining a constellation of ## operational satellites. Russia also faced some challenges with GLONASS during 2014. On April 1, GLONASS satellites transmitted messages that reported the satellites’ positions with an error of around 200 kilometers...
Topic: Other Countries
Two other space programs made news in 2011, as space newcomer Iran successfully conducted ## launch and the multinational commercial venture Sea Launch resumed operations after a hiatus of nearly two and a half years.
Topic: Other Countries
South Korea made its ## attempt to launch the Korea Space Launch Vehicle (KSLV), in June 2010. However, contact with the rocket was lost 137 seconds after liftoff. Korean officials blamed the failure on the Russian-provided first stage, while Russian officials claimed the problem was with Korean...