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Year: 2015
Brazil has been experiencing widespread economic challenges in recent years, with almost no growth in GDP in 2014, and an estimated ##% decline in 2015. These broader...
Year: 2014
Country: India, Russia, Spain, Ukraine
In 2014, Russia’s space agency Roscosmos received a budget of approximately ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This is a ##% increase from the 2013 budget of ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This was the last budget to be assigned to Roscosmos prior to a reorganization of Russian space...
Year: 2014
Brazil’s burgeoning civil space program is largely executed by the Agência Especial Brasileira (AEB), whose 2014 budget was ## million reais (US$## million). The Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI) also has a space budget, which in 2014 was ## million reais (US$##...
Year: 2016
Possible atrocities once only seen by government agencies are now in the public view.
Year: 2011
Two major players in satellite-based Earth imagery are U.S. companies DigitalGlobe and GeoEye. Both companies provide imagery to widely used applications such as Google Earth. In August 2010, the U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) awarded 10-year contracts to the companies, valued...
Year: 2008
Country: Brazil, Ukraine
Run by the Brazilian Air Force, the Alcântara Launch Center is located on the northern coast of Brazil. The first launch of a sounding rocket from the facility took place in 1990. While no orbital flights have been conducted from Alcântara, Brazil signed an agreement with Ukraine to use...
Year: 2011
Country: Brazil, Ukraine
After several years of low activity, Brazil pledged in late 2011 to more than double its space budget for the years 2012-2015 with the aim of revitalizing the facilities at its Alcântara spaceport located on the northern coast of the country. Following a launch pad explosion in 2003 that killed 21...
Year: 2013
Country: Brazil, Ukraine
In 2003, Brazil made an agreement with the government of Ukraine to bring a modernized version of the Soviet-era Cyclone rocket to its Alcântara Launch Center. This would couple the proven reliability of the Ukrainian launch vehicle with the advantageous equatorial location of Alcântara to offer...
Year: 2008
Commercial space programs, like their government counterparts, continue to evolve around the world. As detailed in Space Products and Services, the more established programs in satellite communications and remote sensing are being joined by entrepreneurial space activities that provide excitement...
Year: 2008
The trend of globalization in space activity continues, with nations entering into agreements to use each other’s infrastructure and space assets. Two decades ago only the United States, the Soviet Union, Europe, and China regularly launched and deployed satellites and other missions to space....
Year: 2011
The outlook for space activity is largely positive, in spite of the challenges facing many of the governments and agencies most active in space. In many ways, 2011 was a pivotal year as governments re-evaluated their human spaceflight plans and examined their portfolio of space activities in light...
Year: 2009
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2010 Federal Budget authorizes ## million Brazilian reals (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities, a small increase from the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reals (US$## million) for the...
Year: 2010
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2011 Federal Budget authorizes ## million reais (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities (PNAE), a decrease of ##% from the authorization for the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reais (US$##...
Year: 2011
Space activities in South Africa are funded through the Department of Science and Technology (DST). In FY 2011, which ran from April 2011 to March 2012, the DST planned to spend ## million rand (US$## million) on space activities executed through two programs: the South African National Space...
Year: 2011
Country: Brazil, China, Ukraine
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2012 Federal Budget authorized ## million reais (US$## million) in funding for civil space activities in two civil government agencies. This represents an increase of ##% from the authorization for the previous year.
Year: 2012
In calendar year 2012, the government of Mexico allocated a budget of ## million pesos (US$# million) to the Agencia Espacial Mexicana (AEM). The agency was established by law in 2010 and commenced operations in late 2011, so 2012 was the first full year of activity. AEM is a young and growing...
Year: 2013
Country: Brazil, China, France, Ukraine
Brazil’s 2013 Federal Budget authorized ## million reais (US$## million) in funding for civil space activities. This represents a decrease of ##% from the implemented budget for civil space activities in 2012. The Brazilian space agency, Agência Espacial Brasileira (AEB), received an authorized...
Year: 2012
There are more than 50 countries with space programs in all regions of the world. Although it is not possible to get detailed statistics on many of these groups from year to year, it is possible to gather estimates that give some indication of overall size. Exhibit 4w provides estimates of the size...
Year: 2014
Russia launched ## GLONASS satellites in 2014, maintaining a constellation of ## operational satellites. Russia also faced some challenges with GLONASS during 2014. On April 1, GLONASS satellites transmitted messages that reported the satellites’ positions with an error of around 200 kilometers...
Year: 2011
Two other space programs made news in 2011, as space newcomer Iran successfully conducted ## launch and the multinational commercial venture Sea Launch resumed operations after a hiatus of nearly two and a half years. 

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