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Year: 2017
Country: Spain
Space activities in Spain are coordinated by the Instituto Nacional de Tècnica Aeroespacial (INTA) within the Ministry of Defense. In 2017, the Spanish government allocated INTA a budget of €## million (US$## million)...
Year: 2017
The space investments of governments continue to shift on the basis of national priorities and politics...
Year: 2016
Total global government space budgets in 2016 were $## billion, a ##% decrease from $## billion in 2015.
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Year: 2015
Space activities in Spain are coordinated by the Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial (INTA) within the Ministry of Defense. In 2015, INTA received a budget of €## million...
Year: 2015
Total global government space budgets in 2015 were $## billion, a ##% decrease from $## billion in 2014. More than half of this spending was in the United States, which budgeted $## billion for government space activities in 2015. Government budget levels reflect the most recent budgetary...
Year: 2016
Country: Spain
During 2016, European companies noted and seized opportunities within the business of space situational awareness (SSA). Europe’s continued growing dependence on services provided by an orbiting space infrastructure and desire for high-resolution European-based SSA data are presenting openings...
Year: 2014
Country: India, Russia, Spain, Ukraine
In 2014, Russia’s space agency Roscosmos received a budget of approximately ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This is a ##% increase from the 2013 budget of ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This was the last budget to be assigned to Roscosmos prior to a reorganization of Russian space...
Year: 2014
Country: Spain
The Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial (INTA), the primary organization responsible for space activities in Spain, received appropriations from Spain’s national budget of €## million (US$## million) in 2014, an increase of ##% over 2013 levels of €## million (US$## million). INTA also...
Year: 2014
On a global level, government investment in space increased #% to $## billion. Because not all governments operate under the same fiscal cycle, space spending numbers were derived from the most recent budgetary information available for each country. As in previous years, the growth was not...
Year: 2013
Government space programs accounted for approximately $## billion in spending during 2013, representing ##% of the global space economy. Government investment in space decreased by ##% in 2013, contributing to a cumulative average annual growth rate of ##% between 2009 and 2013. The top-line...
Year: 2005
Data communications services include very small aperture terminal (VSAT) services, Internet backhaul, direct-to-home broadband, and mobile data.
Topic: ISS
Year: 2005
The largest in-space platform ever constructed is the International Space Station (ISS). “Led by the United States, the ISS draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency [Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany,...
Year: 2010
In June 2010, Israel launched the OFEQ-9 reconnaissance satellite which joined ## others already in operation. China’s utilization of space for military purposes is even harder to gauge due to the country’s lack of transparency in its space programs. In 2010, the country launched ## Yaogan...
Year: 2012
Land imaging satellite performance is described using a variety of characteristics, including differences in spatial resolution (as measured by how many pixels compose an object), positional accuracies (as measured by the extent to which objects are represented accurately), and spectral...
Year: 2013
Dedicated and secure communications links are vital to defense agencies around the world. Increasing demand for capacity—particularly secure connectivity using non-commercial frequency bands—has driven the deployment of dedicated military communications satellites. The U.S. military buys a...
Year: 2014
Global, dedicated, and secure communications networks are vital to governments, militaries, and agencies around the world. Increased demand for capacity—particularly secure connectivity using non-commercial frequency bands—continued to drive deployment of dedicated military communications...
Year: 2009
Ground stations are an essential but often overlooked segment of space infrastructure. Ground stations connect satellites to terrestrial networks and collect satellite information ranging from tracking and telemetry to imagery and scientific data. The stations also upload information to spacecraft,...
Year: 2012
Europe is investing in a pan-European SSA capability through an ESA program that was initiated in 2009. Investment of €## million (US$## million) was initially requested for full-scale development, but ESA governments decided to spend only €## million (US$## million) over three years. So far,...
Year: 2010
An essential element of space infrastructure, ground stations transmit commands to and receive data from spacecraft. They also often contain facilities to process that data, particularly in the case of Earth observation satellites. The data sent from ground stations includes command and control...

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