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Year: 2017
Country: South Korea
The Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) had a 2017 budget of ## billion won (US$## million), a decrease of ##% from its 2016 budget of ## billion won (US$## million).
Year: 2017
The space investments of governments continue to shift on the basis of national priorities and politics...
Year: 2016
Total global government space budgets in 2016 were $## billion, a ##% decrease from $## billion in 2015.
Year: 2015
Country: South Korea
The Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) had a 2015 budget of ## billion won (US$## million), an ## of ##% from its budget in FY 2014 of ## billion...
Year: 2015
Total global government space budgets in 2015 were $## billion, a ##% decrease from $## billion in 2014. More than half of this spending was in the United States, which budgeted $## billion for government space activities in 2015. Government budget levels reflect the most recent budgetary...
Year: 2014
Country: South Korea
South Korea’s civil space program is overseen by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP). The Ministry also drafts, authorizes, and coordinates national space policy and has regulatory authority over space object registration, launch authorization, and launch insurance...
Year: 2014
On a global level, government investment in space increased #% to $## billion. Because not all governments operate under the same fiscal cycle, space spending numbers were derived from the most recent budgetary information available for each country. As in previous years, the growth was not...
Year: 2012
Considering the number of doctoral degrees earned in science and engineering, the European Union has the greatest proportion, followed by China and the United States. As with first university degrees, China has been rapidly increasing the number of doctoral science and engineering degrees granted...
Year: 2013
Government space programs accounted for approximately $## billion in spending during 2013, representing ##% of the global space economy. Government investment in space decreased by ##% in 2013, contributing to a cumulative average annual growth rate of ##% between 2009 and 2013. The top-line...
Year: 2005
Satellites are used to send television news feeds from news vans directly to broadcast distributors. News vans transmit in the C- and Ku-bands to distributors via GEO satellites.
Year: 2005
Data communications services include very small aperture terminal (VSAT) services, Internet backhaul, direct-to-home broadband, and mobile data.
Year: 2005
We have characterized space products and services as directly enabled by space infrastructure and intended to be in the space environment or directly interacting with the space environment. The year 2005 saw growth in subscribers and offerings for mobile satellite services, launches of probes to...
Year: 2008
Country: South Korea
Proposed Spaceports A new spaceport is in development at Naro, South Korea. Naro Space Center has been built on reclaimed land on the south tip of the Korean peninsula and is administered by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, South Korea’s civil space agency. The space center will support...
Year: 2009
Country: South Korea
Naro Space Center in South Korea made its inaugural orbital launch in August 2009. Naro was built on reclaimed land on the southern tip of the Korean peninsula and is administered by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), South Korea’s civil space agency. The space center supports...
Year: 2008
The trend of globalization in space activity continues, with nations entering into agreements to use each other’s infrastructure and space assets. Two decades ago only the United States, the Soviet Union, Europe, and China regularly launched and deployed satellites and other missions to space....
Year: 2009
Note: This section's exhibits are from The Space Report 2010. Please refer to this year's exhibits for the most current data as numbers may have been revised since this edition was published.
Year: 2011
The outlook for space activity is largely positive, in spite of the challenges facing many of the governments and agencies most active in space. In many ways, 2011 was a pivotal year as governments re-evaluated their human spaceflight plans and examined their portfolio of space activities in light...
Year: 2012
Today, nations are under pressure to replace aging satellite infrastructure while continuing to deploy new satellite systems and achieve the related mission objectives within the constraints of tighter budgets. The situation is particularly challenging in the United States, where all government...
Year: 2012
Throughout the world, space policies, strategies, and plans are formalized in documents through which governments communicate the priorities and strategic objectives of their space programs. Space policies describe the overarching approach that guides a country’s space program within the context...
Year: 2013
As the commercial space sector matures, government space programs wrestle with defining the context and objectives for scientific and exploration activities while optimizing economic and societal return through space applications. International planning for space exploration activities provides a...

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