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Year: 2016
There are more than ## space agencies worldwide, with nations on every inhabited continent involved in space activities. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a selection of these nations.
Year: 2015
There are more than ## space agencies worldwide, with nations on every inhabited continent involved in space activities. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a selection of these nations.
Year: 2015
The Israel Space Agency (ISA) is in charge of civil and commercial space activities, which are estimated at US$## billion for 2015. It also coordinates closely with...
Year: 2016
Country: Israel, North Korea
## other nations launched space launch vehicles (SLVs) during 2016: ##. ##country successfully launched ## SLV. North Korea launched ## in ## 2016, inserting an ## satellite into orbit...
Year: 2014
Around the globe, many smaller nations—whether in terms of economy or population size—are investing in space projects or programs. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a number of selected space states.
Year: 2014
Country: Israel, Japan
Israel often works with other countries to cooperate in its space endeavors, whether civil, national security (or dual-use), or commercial. Its civil space organization, the Israel Space Agency (ISA), overseen by the Ministry of Science, Technology & Space, has had a reference annual budget of...
Year: 2013
Government space programs accounted for approximately $## billion in spending during 2013, representing ##% of the global space economy. Government investment in space decreased by ##% in 2013, contributing to a cumulative average annual growth rate of ##% between 2009 and 2013. The top-line...
Year: 2010
In June 2010, Israel launched the OFEQ-9 reconnaissance satellite which joined ## others already in operation. China’s utilization of space for military purposes is even harder to gauge due to the country’s lack of transparency in its space programs. In 2010, the country launched ## Yaogan...
Topic: Satellites
Year: 2010
One classification of satellite is based not just on the spacecraft’s capabilities. Military satellites are generally characterized by the end users they are built to serve, not the type of service provided. Although they may perform the same functions as their non-defense counterparts, such as...
Year: 2012
Many remote sensing satellites have dual military and civil or commercial purposes. India launched its indigenously developed radar imaging satellite, RISAT-1, in April 2012. The satellite will join RISAT-2 and will provide India with the ability to image features on the ground even if covered by...
Year: 2013
Military-specific observation satellites can be used for reconnaissance or other intelligence-gathering purposes. The capabilities of remote sensing satellites can sometimes obscure whether or not they are being used for civilian or military applications.
Year: 2008
Country: Israel
Palmachim Air Force Base is an active Israeli Air Force base that also serves as a missile test range and launch site for Israel’s Shavit 1 launcher. The vehicle has been used exclusively to launch Israel’s Ofeq reconnaissance satellites, the mainstay of its space program. The first successful...
Year: 2008
Commercial space programs, like their government counterparts, continue to evolve around the world. As detailed in Space Products and Services, the more established programs in satellite communications and remote sensing are being joined by entrepreneurial space activities that provide excitement...
Year: 2005
Non-U.S. military estimates, which are for 2004, include the following countries: United Kingdom, France, Russia, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Israel. China’s budget includes both military and civil expenditures. Note that the estimate of China’s space budget is controversial. At a NASA...
Year: 2007
Military space spending among European countries in 2006 totaled $## billion (€## million), according to the European Space Policy Institute, a research institute founded and supported by European aerospace industry partners. For 2004, Euroconsult estimates non-U.S. space spending at $##...
Year: 2008
Country: Israel
Israel’s 2008 space budget was ## million Israeli new shekels (US$## million), roughly ##% of the country’s national budget of ## billion Israeli new shekels (US$## billion). Most of Israel’s space spending has focused on military applications such as the Ofeq spy satellites and the Shavit-1...
Year: 2009
Country: Israel
Civil space expenditures in Israel are modest, with an estimated expenditure of ## million New Israeli Shekels (US$## million) in 2009. Israel devotes most of its space spending to military space programs, with an annual budget of approximately ## million New Israeli Shekels (US$## million).
Year: 2009
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2010 Federal Budget authorizes ## million Brazilian reals (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities, a small increase from the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reals (US$## million) for the...

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