Other Resources for this Country
Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Denmark, Hungary, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Arab Emirates
Country: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa, Switzerland, Taiwan, The Netherlands
There are more than ## space agencies worldwide, with nations on every inhabited continent involved in space activities. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a selection of these nations.
Country: Belgium, European Multinational Efforts, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, United Kingdom
Data on the European space workforce is collected annually via surveys by Eurospace, an association of the European space manufacturing industry. The survey focuses on design, development, and...
Country: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Nigeria, South Africa, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine
Around the globe, many smaller nations—whether in terms of economy or population size—are investing in space projects or programs. The exhibit below shows the most recent available annual budget for civil space activities in a number of selected space states.
Cities in Belgium and Ireland are finding interesting ways to keep traffic moving using space technology and communications networks.
GEO satellites provide coverage of a wide area from a relatively fixed position, making them ideal for broadcast applications to multiple downlink sites, as well as for networking services to widely dispersed corporate and government facilities. Video distribution, point-to-point video feeds, also...
MSS provider Globalstar is developing its second-generation constellation to replace existing satellites that have had technical problems since early 2007. The problems have severely degraded its two-way voice and data services, leaving customers with only one-way communication. In March 2009, the...
Providers of FSS have enjoyed considerable success in recent years due in large part to the international growth of applications such as high-definition (HD) television. From the beginning of 2007 through May 2009, the number of HD channels being transmitted via FSS or DTH satellites worldwide grew...
GEO satellites provide a wide fixed coverage area, making them ideal for reaching a community of stationary antennas that do not need to track a moving object in space. The dominant providers of international fixed satellite services (FSS) are Intelsat, SES, Eutelsat, and Telesat. These four...
The dominant providers of international fixed satellite services (FSS) are Intelsat, SES, Eutelsat, and Telesat. These four companies collectively own nearly half of all GEO commercial communications satellites (## satellites, or ##% of the total), and represented ##% of total FSS market revenues...
Iridium’s LEO constellation of ## active and ## spare satellites relay signals to each other directly, unlike other systems that require multiple hops between space and the ground to send signals around the world. In June 2010, the company named France’s Thales Alenia Space as prime contractor...
Country: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, European Multinational Efforts, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States
The largest in-space platform ever constructed is the International Space Station (ISS). “Led by the United States, the ISS draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency [Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany,...
Topic: Satellite Design
In June 2010, Israel launched the OFEQ-9 reconnaissance satellite which joined ## others already in operation. China’s utilization of space for military purposes is even harder to gauge due to the country’s lack of transparency in its space programs. In 2010, the country launched ## Yaogan...
Topic: Ground Networks
Country: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, China, European Multinational Efforts, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, United States
Ground stations are an essential but often overlooked segment of space infrastructure. Ground stations connect satellites to terrestrial networks and collect satellite information ranging from tracking and telemetry to imagery and scientific data. The stations also upload information to spacecraft,...
Topic: 2012 - Perspective
Country: Belgium, Canada, Egypt, France, Japan, Myanmar, Nigeria, Russia, South Africa, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam
The value of space assets and applications for economic and social development is increasingly apparent to decision-makers in emerging space states. At the same time, more established space nations are seeking new commercial markets for their space industries’ services, technologies, and...
Topic: 2013 - Perspective
Country: Belgium, Canada, China, European Multinational Efforts, France, Germany, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea, United States
As the commercial space sector matures, government space programs wrestle with defining the context and objectives for scientific and exploration activities while optimizing economic and societal return through space applications. International planning for space exploration activities provides a...
Topic: Satellite Communications
The satellite services sector, which includes fixed and mobile satellite services, registered $## billion in 2010 revenue, up from $## billion in 2009. Both types of services communicate information in video, voice, and data formats. Fixed satellite services (FSS) refer to the delivery of satellite...
Non-U.S. military estimates, which are for 2004, include the following countries: United Kingdom, France, Russia, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Israel. China’s budget includes both military and civil expenditures. Note that the estimate of China’s space budget is controversial. At a NASA...
Country: Belgium, European Multinational Efforts, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Russia, United Kingdom, United States
Military space spending among European countries in 2006 totaled $## billion (€## million), according to the European Space Policy Institute, a research institute founded and supported by European aerospace industry partners. For 2004, Euroconsult estimates non-U.S. space spending at $##...
Topic: Charts and Graphs
Country: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom