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Launch

Human Space Launch


2014 – Russia Launch, Human

In 2014, Russia operated the only crewed vehicle currently serving the ISS, and it is expected to retain that monopoly through 2017, when the first flights of the new NASA-supported…

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2014 – U.S. Launch, Human

Since 2011, the year the Space Shuttle was retired, the United States has not been able to launch astronauts aboard U.S. vehicles. To send U.S. astronauts to the International Space…

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Orbital

It is relatively simple to place a satellite into orbit when compared with launching humans to space. Humans have more complex needs, such as breathable air, food, staying warm, staying…

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2008 – European Suborbital

In addition to development of personal spaceflight vehicles in the United States, in July 2007 the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company (EADS) announced plans to develop a suborbital vehicle…

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2009 – U.S. Suborbital

Although no suborbital human-rated vehicles flew in 2009, there was considerable progress by several companies actively developing such vehicles. Among the most visible of these was the formal unveiling in…

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2010 – U.S. Suborbital

There has been a surge of interest in crewed suborbital launch vehicles in recent years, owing in large measure to the Ansari X PRIZE. This competition offered a $## million…

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2013 – U.S. Suborbital

Several crewed, reusable suborbital vehicles have been under development during the past decade. These vehicles are being designed and built by commercial companies to carry paying passengers to the edge…

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2012 – U.S. Suborbital

A new aspect of space infrastructure is the development of suborbital reusable launch vehicles (RLVs). Unlike sounding rockets, these vehicles are designed to land intact and be flown again. Stimulated…

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2011 – U.S. Suborbital

Suborbital RLVs are designed to fly multiple times, with or without human passengers, to serve space tourism, research, and other markets. The best-known of these vehicles is SpaceShipTwo, which is…

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2008 – U.S. Suborbital

The SpaceShipTwo vehicle, scheduled to begin commercial service by 2010, is the product of The Spaceship Company, a joint venture between Scaled Composites and Virgin Galactic. The design of SpaceShipTwo…

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