Non-U.S. military space was funded at less than half the level it had been in 2019, according to a country-level analysis of six nations spread across four continents: Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, and Nigeria. This drop in investment suggests that, for many countries, military space takes a back seat to civil space ambitions and emergency relief for terrestrial disasters such as the coronavirus for many countries.
Why might we be seeing this shift towards small vehicles? Average payload deployment per successful launch, a reflection of growing ridesharing among spacecraft operators, reached a height of nearly 11 payloads per launch in 2020. This figure is 2.5 times higher than the previous year and 7 times higher than a decade ago.
Japanese Space Industry Employment by Sector 2007-2019
An annual budget for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). This chart spans 2004 through 2021 including the initial budget as well as the supplemental budget.
The number of launches per year, grouped by the country where the launch site is located.
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Stacked bar chart showing a twenty-year look at the European space industry workforce by country 2000 – 2020
NASA Civil Servant Workforce chart showing the average and actual employment for the years 2008 through 2017.