Eight nations have launched lunar missions, but only three have landed on the Moon. In 2022, four missions were partially or fully successful, a tempo last seen in 1969 — the year the first humans stepped foot on the lunar surface.
The United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA) is an executive agency of the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for the United Kingdom’s civil space program.
The South Korean government continued development of a Korean-made launch vehicle and improvement in the country’s ability to utilize information gathered by satellites.
Space exploration is a significant income source for the national budget.
Indian space activities are coordinated through the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Space activities in Spain are coordinated by the Instituto Nacional de Tècnica Aeroespacial (INTA) within the Ministry of Defense.
The Italian space agency, the Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) is the main contributor, other agencies within Italy also invest in space activities, including the Ministry of Defense.
The German Ministry of Defense allocates funds for space activities.
A growing share of European public investment in civil space programs is funded by the European Union under the auspices of its executive body, the European Commission (EC).
The Chinese space budget is not publicly available. However, Chinese capabilities and space projects provide indicators for informed estimates of the nation’s space budget. . .