Government Space Budgets

United States Government Space Budget

2015 – RDT&E and IR&D funding

Independent Research and Development (IR&D) refers to a contractor’s own investment in research and development studies into promising technologies of potential interest to government or commercial customers. Companies can recover a portion of these costs as overhead on current government contracts. In 2015, IR&D spending was estimated to be $165 million.

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Economy: Space Economy – TSR 2015

Economy: Space Economy - TSR 2015 an annual review of the commercial space infrastructure and support industries and space-based products and services used on Earth. This edition also delves into…

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2014 – U.S. National Security Space Budgets

The DoD’s space budget of $## billion, ##% of the total U.S. space budget, covers programs overseen by the military services and at least two major but clandestine organizations: the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) and National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). The very natures of the NRO and NGA allow the DoD to classify not just program details, but program budgets, making it difficult to know the share of the DoD’s budget each one receives. The top five unclassified military space programs funded in 2014 were the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV), Global Positioning System (GPS), Space Based Infrared System (SBIRS), Advanced EHF (AEHF), and Space Fence.

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2014 – U.S. Civil Space Budgets

Civil agencies received ##% of the total funds spent by the United States on space. NASA, which constitutes ##% of civil spending, received a ##% budget increase to $## billion in 2014. NOAA’s budget of nearly $## billion made it the next largest U.S. civil space organization on the 2014 budget list.

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2014 – United States Government Space Budget Overview

The 2014 U.S. space budget was substantially larger than that of any other country. The budget of $## billion was split among 11 agencies and departments, and the budgets allotted to each organization highlighted the priorities of U.S. policies and goals, with the Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA receiving a combined ##% of the budget. Even though NASA’s 2014 allocation experienced a higher growth rate, the DoD budget still exceeded that of NASA by ##%. The U.S. space budget was ##% of the total U.S. national budget in 2014.

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2014 – RDT&E and IR&D funding Snapshot

In a different category of support for space infrastructure, the U.S. government provides funding for the development of materials, equipment, and software through Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) budgets appropriated for each military service (Army, Navy, and Air Force) and other defense agencies. When RDT&E programs reach specific goals, they are moved from RDT&E funding to other funds allocated for operations and maintenance. Contractors conducting RDT&E activities for the services and agencies received an average annual appropriation of $## billion (adjusted for inflation) from 2004 to 2014, with ##% of that total allocated to space-related programs. Of the $## billion in RDT&E funding disbursed in 2014, less than ##% was dedicated to space-related programs.

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